Nissan Re-Leaf: Power when it's Needed, Where it's Needed
PARIS (September 29, 2020) – Nissan has unveiled a 100% electric emergency response vehicle concept, designed to provide a mobile power supply following natural disasters or extreme weather events.
Called RE-LEAF1, the working prototype is based on the Nissan LEAF passenger car, the world’s first mass-production electric vehicle.
Alongside modifications to navigate roads covered in debris, the RE-LEAF features weatherproof plug sockets mounted directly to the exterior of the vehicle, which enable 110-230v devices to be powered from the car’s high capacity lithium-ion battery.
The RE-LEAF can be driven into the centre of a disaster zone and provide a fully mobile power supply to aid the recovery process. The integrated energy management system can run medical, communications, lighting and other life-supporting equipment.
Natural disasters are the biggest cause of power outages. A 2019 World Bank report found natural shocks and climate change caused 37% of outages in Europe between 2000 and 2017, and 44% of power outages in the US over the same period.
When a disaster hits, the time for electricity supply to be restored is typically 24-48 hours, depending on the severity of the damage. During that period, electric vehicles can be used to provide a zero-emission, mobile emergency power supply.
The RE-LEAF was created to demonstrate the potential of electric vehicles in disaster recovery. Whilst the vehicle is just a working concept, the technology exists to be used in the real world. In Japan, Nissan has been using the LEAF to provide emergency power and transportation following natural disasters since 2011, and the company has formed partnerships with more than 60 local governments to support disaster relief efforts.
Through Nissan Energy Share, EVs act as mobile storage batteries to supply homes and society with electricity, creating a distributable energy model that can be used to help stabilise the supply and demand of electricity.
Helen Perry, Head of Electric Passenger Cars & Infrastructure for Nissan in Europe, commented; ‘Through Nissan Intelligent Mobility, we’re constantly exploring ways that electric vehicles can enrich our lives, beyond just zero-emission transportation. Concepts like the RE-LEAF show the possible application of EVs in disaster management and demonstrate that smarter, cleaner technology can help save lives and provide greater resilience for the future.’
‘Electric vehicles are emerging as one of the technologies that can improve resilience in the power sector. By having thousands of EVs available on standby, either as disaster-support vehicles or plugged into the network through Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G), they’re uniquely capable of creating a virtual power plant to maintain a supply of energy during a major outage.’
The RE-LEAF utilises the LEAF’s bi-directional charging ability, which has been a standard feature of the model since its introduction in 2010. This means the LEAF can not only ‘pull’ power to recharge the high-capacity battery, but also ‘push’ it back to the grid through V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid), or directly to electronic devices through V2X (Vehicle-to-everything) technology.
Acting as a portable power station, the latest generation Nissan LEAF e+ with a fully charged 62 kilowatt-hour (kWh) battery can provide enough electricity to power the average European household for six days.
As a disaster recovery vehicle, the RE-LEAF can power multiple devices simultaneously. Some example 230v power consumptions are detailed below:
- Electric Jack Hammer – 24 hours – 36kWh
- Pressure Ventilation Fan – 24 hours – 21.6kWh
- 10-litre Soup Kettle – 24 hours – 9.6kWh
- Intensive Care Medical Ventilator – 24 hours – 3kWh
- 100 watt LED flood light – 24 hours – 2.4kWh
Once electricity is restored to the area, EVs can be recharged and provide zero-emission transport – up to 3852km (WLTP) on a single charge of a LEAF e+ battery.
1) The “RE” refers to three elements of disaster preparedness: response, recovery and resilience
2) WLTP standard
Nissan Re-Leaf: In Detail
The RE-LEAF supports the three ‘REs’ of disaster preparedness – providing an emergency response, aiding the humanitarian recovery and improving community resilience for the future.
The RE-LEAF’s amber colour scheme is a nod to the ancient Greek word for amber – electron – the origin of the word ‘electricity’. This pairs with the blue of Nissan Intelligent Mobility to reference the concept’s connected abilities. A roof-mounted LED light bar also displays amber flashes to alert other road users to the vehicle’s approach.
To better enable the car to navigate roads where there might be obstructions or fallen debris, the RE-LEAF’s ride height has been raised by 70mm to 225mm with a custom ‘sump guard’ to protect the car’s floor pan. Wider tracks (+90mm front / +130mm rear), custom wheel arches, mud flaps and all-terrain tyres on 17” motorsport wheels add to the capability.
The large capacity and high reliability of the LEAF’s lithium-ion battery ensures a stable power supply to support multiple mains-powered devices. The integrated energy management system is able to output the RE-LEAF battery’s power at up to 230v. There are three sockets – two weatherproof external C-Form connectors for easy access, and an internal domestic socket mounted in the boot.
The rear seats have been removed and the floor levelled to provide storage for essential equipment. A custom bulk-head cage also separates the front seats from the cargo area.
Once the RE-LEAF arrives at a disaster zone, a bespoke pull-out desk extends from the boot with a 32” LED screen and dedicated power supply creating an operational hub to run communications from and manage the recovery process.
Once power is restored, the LEAF can be recharged using three charging profiles, even using domestic sockets if no EV infrastructure is available in the immediate vicinity.
|Charger Type||40kWh Battery Capacity||62kWh Battery Capacity|
|3.7kW Domestic Socket||11.5 hours (0-100%)||18 hours (0-100%)|
|7kW Type 2||7.5 hours (0-100%)||11.5 hours (0-100%)|
|50kW CHAdeMO||60 minutes (20-80%)*||90 minutes (20-80%)*|
* Indicated charging time based on starting charge of 20% and use of a CHAdeMO (50KW) rapid charger. Time may vary depending on charging conditions including charger type and condition, battery temperature and ambient temperature at point of use.
Re-Leaf Technical Specifications
|Base Model||Nissan LEAF Tekna|
|Tyres||BF Goodrich Baja All Terrain Tyres 225/65/17|
|Wheels||Compomotive MO5 8” x 17”|
|Arches||Bespoke GRP Composite 40mm Wide Arches|
|Tracks (Front/Rear)||1830mm / 1890mm (increased from 1740mm / 1760mm)|
The vehicle modifications were carried out by RJN, a UK-based engineering and motorsport firm, with project management by GTA Global Ltd.
See Nissan Leaf availability at Cessnock Nissan
In a 2016 report from the US National Association of State Energy Officials, the potential of EVs following natural disasters was highlighted, saying; ‘The ability to bring power where it is needed, even on a local scale, can be an invaluable resource during emergencies.’
In 2019, the United Nations reported that climate crisis disasters are now happening at the rate of one a week, and that the last two decades have seen an increase of 151% in direct economic losses from climate-related disasters.
To find out more about how Nissan has used its EVs to support disaster recovery in Japan here
- World Bank Group, ‘STRONGER POWER: Improving Power Sector Resilience to Natural Hazards’, (2019): https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/31910/Stronger-Power-Improving-Power-Sector-Resilience-to-Natural-Hazards.pdf
- UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, ‘UN 20 Year Review: earthquakes and tsunamis kill more people while climate change is driving up economic losses’, (October 2018): https://www.undrr.org/news/un-20-year-review-earthquakes-and-tsunamis-kill-more-people-while-climate-change-driving
- UK Power, ‘Average gas and electric usage for UK households’: https://www.ukpower.co.uk/home_energy/average-household-gas-and-electricity-usage
- National Association of State Energy Officials: Initiative for Resiliency in Energy through Vehicles, ‘Electric Vehicles and Emergency Response,’ (June, 2016): https://www.carmart.ch/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/iREV-EV-Case-Study.pdf